Medical Specialties


doctors-2Trainee doctors spend around 10 years in the classroom and in clinical scenarios before becoming fully qualified. This entails complete dedication to every part of medicine and along the way the discovery of which area they are particularly passionate about and want to study further to eventually become their specialty.

There are over 60 areas of specialty within medicine, so it’s worth taking the time to really think about which is the most interesting.

Areas to choose from include:


Anaesthetics are a very complex area of work. Those who decide to follow a route into working in anaesthesia could involve working in a surgical environment or perhaps in intensive care. To work in this area needs a great deal of understanding of physiology and pharmacology and as well as general anaesthetics will include procedures such as epidurals and nerve blocks. There is also the need to be able to carry out resuscitation practices as it will often be the case that work is with acutely ill patients.

General Practice

Working in General Practice means working as a GP in a surgery. This path can be taken following the second foundation year of being a junior doctor and will mean being faced with an ever-changing workload of patient needs. It is a job which requires great patience and understanding as well as an excellent knowledge of all areas of medicine as one patient may have a cough and a cold, but the next may need urgent transfer to hospital when they present themselves at the surgery.


Medicine covers a huge range of areas relating to those who are admitted to hospital. The list includes medical oncology, renal medicine, cardiology, occupational medicine, clinical genetics and public health medicine.


If there is a desire to work with pregnant women and their unborn baby to give them the best possible care, then obstetrics is the perfect choice. Work in this specialty includes the reproductive system and materno-fetal medicine. There are personal qualities which are particularly important; manual dexterity, mental and physical stamina, excellent communication skills and the ability to make decisions when under a great deal of pressure.


Gynaecology refers to the care and treatment of female-specific conditions and diseases. Choosing to specialise in this area can lead to a number of sub-specialties such as gynaecologic oncology, gynaecological urology and reproductive medicine.  Those who become gynaecology consultants need to be able to sympathise as well as being non-judgemental and being able to deal with the stress of their patients.


The field of radiology is vital for the diagnosis and treatment of cancer. They work to investigate the sources of disease in this field and work to find ways to stop the spread of different kinds of cancer. Their work includes a wide range of investigative techniques and is vital in improving the treatment prospects for patients.

Cosmetic Surgery


For those who want to work in surgery, they will need to undertake a specific qualification called the Membership Examination of the Surgical Royal Colleges of Great Britain, also known as MSRC. This is divided into a number of parts, including MRCS Part A and MRCS Part B. These test knowledge of clinical science and practical working in a clinical environment.

Working as a doctor is incredibly hard work but also very rewarding so it’s good to take the time to really think about what will bring the biggest sense of achievement when becoming a trainee doctor.


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